What is Plagiarism?
Plagiarism is the act of appropriating and using the ideas, writings, or works of original expressions of another person as one's own without giving credit to the person who created the work. This may encompass portions of a work or an entire work. Works of original expression include but are not limited to papers, speeches, poetry, movies, videos, protected pieces of art, illustrations, and musical compositions.
Plagiarism can result from either deliberate dishonesty or ignorance of citational procedures. Deliberate plagiarism is especially serious and warrants more severe sanctions, but even plagiarism based on ignorance of procedures is a punishable offense, especially when it occurs more than once.
Plagiarism is an act of dishonesty and violates the mission and spirit of the educational enterprise at the College of St. Benedict and St. John's University. It also violates the rights of other students.
Types of Plagiarism
Plagiarism can be intentional or unintentional; both are wrong. Intentional plagiarism is when you knowingly use someone else's work and present it as your own.
Students who take incomplete notes, do not understand the research process, or who are generally uninformed about the correct way to gather and cite sources could potentially commit unintentional or accidental plagiarism.
Examples of Plagiarism
- Writing down information word for word, and neglecting to note the author and source
- Taking notes without distinguishing between your words and another author’s, and then presenting the ideas as your own
- Copy/pasting from the Web into your work without crediting the author
- Using unique phrases or sentences of another author without acknowledgement
- Buying or acquiring a research paper and turning it in as your own
- Using a classmate’s work and turning it in as your own
- Direct quotes without acknowledgement: using the unique phrases or sentences of another author without including citation or attribution
- Paraphrasing without acknowledgement: using the ideas of another author, even if you have summarized or reworded things, without including citation or attribution
To avoid plagiarism, scholars take accurate notes when gathering original material, use citations in the text of their paper, and create an accurate works cited list/bibliography at the end of their paper.
- Make a list of the authors and sources you find while gathering your research.
- In your notes, separate the exact words of an author from your own ideas by using quotation marks around the original author’s words.
- In the text of your paper, carefully cite each author and source. Each reference in the text of your research paper should link to a full citation in the Works Cited list at the end of the research paper.
Consequences of Plagiarism at CSB/SJU
Review the Plagiarism Policy at CSB/SJU
First offense for Plagiarism:
- The penalty for a first offense of academic misconduct is failure of the course in which the academic misconduct occurred. This penalty may be reduced at the instructor's discretion.
- The process of written acknowledgement and closed file described in section I will be implemented.
- If a student commits two acts of academic misconduct nearly simultaneously it is at the academic dean's discretion whether they are regarded as one or two offenses
Penalties ramp up quickly, so it is best to learn how to avoid plagiarism and practice responsible academic writing.
Attribution for This Section
Content: "Understanding Plagiarism." by Cabrillo College Info-Lit Canvas page.
A General Guide to Understanding Written Plagiarism