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Research Guides

First Year Seminar - Research Survival Guide

Evaluating Sources

The CRAAP Test

Evaluating Books, Articles, and Websites

 Current

When was this information published?

 Relevant

Is this an important source for your needs?  How is the information related to your question?  Does the information address the complexities and significance of your topic? Is the writing style too basic or too advanced for your needs?

 Accurate

Is that really true or factual?  How could you check that?  Is the information specific?

 Authoritative

Who is the author? Are they an expert? What are their credentials?

 Purpose

What is the purpose of the site/article/book? (To inform? Sell? Persuade?)  Is the work biased? What is the author’s point of view? Do you need to consider another point of view?