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Research Guides

First Year Seminar - Research Survival Guide

Evaluating Sources

The CRAAP Test

Evaluating Books, Articles, and Websites


When was this information published?


Is this an important source for your needs?  How is the information related to your question?  Does the information address the complexities and significance of your topic? Is the writing style too basic or too advanced for your needs?


Is that really true or factual?  How could you check that?  Is the information specific?


Who is the author? Are they an expert? What are their credentials?


What is the purpose of the site/article/book? (To inform? Sell? Persuade?)  Is the work biased? What is the author’s point of view? Do you need to consider another point of view?