"Fake news" is defined, in the modern sense, as deliberately publishing hoaxes, propaganda, and disinformation while purporting to be "real" news. In modern times, this often involves using social media to drive web traffic and expand the impact of the fake news. Fake news websites and articles seek to intentionally mislead readers for financial, political, or other gain.
The term "fake news," also referred to as "hoax news," has exploded in the last year or two, but it's not actually a new concept in the United States or in our history of newspapers and media.
Here are some different types of fake news:
One of the most interesting videos (4:55 mins) on the subject, it illustrates ways to spot a fake news story, with examples. Though it only provides a couple of examples of credible sources that may lean politically to one side, consider other sources that would round out the list.
Source: CyberWise. "What is Fake News?" Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 10 August 2019. 2 June 2021.